This article will show you how to install ** NextCloud ** on ** CentOS 7 ** using ** Alibaba Cloud ECS **.
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NextCloud is a free, open source, self-hosted service that replaces Dropbox and Google Drive. You can host your files on your private server and have full control over your data.
- A new ECS instance using CentOS 7.4 as the OS.
- Connect to your ECS instance and log in as the root user.
3, the domain name directed to the ECS instance.
After logging in to your CentOS 7 instance, run the following command to update your base system with the latest available packages.
yum -y update
Create a new user.
adduser nextcloud passwd nextcloud
Add a user to the sudo group and switch to the newly created user.
usermod -aG wheel nextcloud sudo su - nextcloud
Install Nginx with PHP 7
Currently, Nextcloud supports PHP versions 7.0 and 7.1. This tutorial installs PHP 7.1. Install EPEL and Remi repositories and directly install the pre-built PHP package Allows you to install.
sudo yum -y install epel-release yum-utils nano unzip sudo rpm -Uvh http://rpms.remirepo.net/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm sudo yum-config-manager --enable remi-php71
Install the Nginx web server and PHP 7.1 with the required PHP module.
sudo yum -y install nginx php php php-fpm php-mysqlnd php-ctype php-dom php-gd php-iconv php-json php-libxml php-mbstring php-posix php-json php-libxml php-mbstring php-posix php-json php-json php-libxml php-mbstring php-mbstring php-posix xml php-zip php-openssl php-zlib php-curl php-fileinfo php-bz2 php-intl php-mcrypt php-ftp php-exif php-gmp php-memcached php-imagick
Edit the loaded PHP configuration file.
sudo nano /etc/php.ini
Set the appropriate time zone and memory limit. If desired, you can use -1 as the memory limit to lift the limit on the amount of memory the script consumes. Uncomment the value of
cgi.fix_pathinfo and set it to 0 to increase the file upload limit. If you update the parameters, they should be updated as follows:
; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (128MB) ; http://php.net/memory-limit memory_limit = 512M ... [Date] ; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions ; http://php.net/date.timezone date.timezone =Asia/Kolkata ... cgi.fix_pathinfo=0 ... post_max_size = 512M ... upload_max_filesize = 512M
After setting up php.ini, open the php-fpm configuration file.
sudo nano /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
Find the user and group parameters and change from apache to nginx. Find the
listen = 127.0.0.1: 9000 file, comment it out, and add
listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock just below it. Finally, uncomment listen.owner and change its value from nobody to nginx. After updating the parameters, it should be updated as follows.
user = nginx group = nginx ... ;listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 listen = /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock ... listen.owner = nginx listen.group = nginx
Also, search for the following line and uncomment it to enable the php environment variable.
env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin env[TMP] = /tmp env[TMPDIR] = /tmp env[TEMP] = /tmp
Save the file and exit the editor. Now create a new directory to store your PHP session data.
sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/php/session sudo chown nginx:nginx -R /var/lib/php/session/
Set the appropriate permissions and ownership on the php-fpm socket file.
sudo chown nginx:nginx /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock sudo chmod 660 /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock
After that, start php-fpm so that it will start automatically at startup.
sudo systemctl restart php-fpm sudo systemctl enable php-fpm
Also, start the Nginx web server so that it starts automatically at startup.
sudo systemctl restart nginx sudo systemctl enable nginx
This completes the Nginx installation. Download NextCloud, configure SSL, configure MySQL database, complete web-based installation, this Tutorial Set up the Cron job as shown.
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- Alibaba Cloud is the No. 1 (2019 Gartner) cloud infrastructure operator in the Asia-Pacific region with two data centers in Japan and more than 60 availability zones in the world.
Click here for more information on Alibaba Cloud.
Alibaba Cloud Japan Official Page *